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Drought's Grip Couldn't Hold Back Quality Corn

U.S. Grains Council cargo report finds 2012 corn crop was superior in quality to 2011 crop

Published on: Apr 4, 2013

The U.S. Grains Council Wednesday released the second annual 2012-2013 USGC Corn Export Cargo Quality Report, finding that despite the severe drought in 2012, last year's U.S. corn crop was superior in quality across a number of key variables to the 2011 harvest.

The Export Cargo Report provides the results of tests on corn samples collected during the U.S. government-licensed sampling and inspection process for U.S. corn export shipments.

This year's cargo report indicates that export samples had a higher test weight, lower incidence of broken corn and foreign material and lower moisture as compared to the 2011-12 export samples. In chemical composition, the report observed higher protein levels and lower starch, with oil content also higher.

U.S. Grains Council cargo report finds 2012 corn crop was superior in quality to 2011 crop
U.S. Grains Council cargo report finds 2012 corn crop was superior in quality to 2011 crop

Continuing the comparison to the previous year's report, the 2012-13 export samples showed fewer stress cracks and a lower average stress crack index. In addition, this year's corn samples have higher true density, a higher proportion of whole kernels and a higher percentage of horneous or hard endosperm, which are all favorable trends.

The mycotoxin testing results showed a lower percentage of samples containing aflatoxins in levels greater than or equal to 5.0 parts per billion, and a lower percentage of samples containing deoxynivalenol/vomitoxin in levels greater than or equal to 0.5 ppm. All samples tested below or equal to the FDA action level of 20 ppb for aflatoxins and the FDA advisory level of 5 ppm for DON.

USGC Chairman Don Fast says the purpose of the report is to enhance the quality of information we provide to export customers about the corn supply. The first cargo report was initiated in 2011.

"These are developed in two parts. First, we publish a Harvest Quality Report that surveys U.S. corn quality at harvest as it enters the marketing system. Then a follow-up report in April, the Export Cargo Quality Report, looks at the quality of the corn crop as it is assembled for export early in the marketing year."

"These two reports provide a systematic annual look at the quality of the U.S. corn crop, using reliable data and a transparent, consistent methodology each year. We have established processes for sample collection and testing, and as we follow those processes year after year we will assemble a reliable and comparable database of transparent, objective information about U.S. corn quality."

Click here to read the report.